UltraClear Flocculent Instant Pond Clarifier
A chemical formulation for instant pond clarification.
Flocculent contains organic polymers that force particles to clump together, that are then filtered from pond or simply settle to the bottom.
UltraClear Flocculant is a chemical formulation that clears pond water by causing tiny particles to clump together (flocculation). Through flocculation, pond particles become large enough to settle by gravity to the bottom of the pond (where they can be vacuumed away) or easily filtered. Flocculant also removes phosphates from pond water. UltraClear Flocculant works in just hours, compared to UltraClear Biological Pond Clarifier, which will take days to weeks to show a satisfactory result. However, any chemical clarifier, including UltraClear Flocculant, will remove beneficial bacteria along with other pond particles. Therefore, we recommend application of UltraClear Biological Pond Clarifier after use of any chemical clarifier.
How Does UltraClear Flocculant Work?
Poor clarity results from suspended and colloidal materials in the pond water. Examples of suspended material are fine clay or silt particles that do not settle, free-swimming algae or other microorganisms, and tiny bits of decaying organic matter. These materials are so small that they remain suspended and do not settle to the bottom. Colloidal materials are smaller yet, and stay in suspension.
Flocculant is a polymer product with the ability to clump small particles together. When these materials are clumped together by the action of Flocculant, they become larger and heavier. If you add enough of the product, the large particles will actually sink to the bottom of the pond where they can be vacuumed away. Or, with lesser product doses, the clumping is less than with a heavier dose, but still enough to allow effective removal through filtration.
When the product is applied, the resulting clumps of previously suspended or colloidal material can be vacuumed from the bottom of the pond or filtered away. Either way, the result is healthy, clear pond water within 24 hours.
What is the Best Way to Apply Flocculant?
There are two things to take into account when dosing UltraClear Flocculant. The first is how much to use, and the second is when and how to apply the product.
Determining how much to dose is very simple. Use 2 ounces of Flocculant for every 1,000 gallons of pond volume (or about 1 teaspoon for every 100 gallons of pond volume).
To understand the best time and method for dosing the product, please read the following discussion of dissolved oxygen (O2), carbon dioxide (CO2), and pH.
All ponds have some phytoplankton algae. These algae cause significant swings in O2, CO2, and pH. Algae produce oxygen during photosynthesis, which requires sunlight. Dissolved oxygen concentration reaches its highest levels in late afternoon. While O2 is present, the biological flora in the pond will consume CO2. Therefore, while O2 is highest in late afternoon, CO2 is lowest. At night, in contrast, the respirating organisms release CO2. This means that the CO2 concentration increases throughout the night, and peaks around sunrise. Finally, pH of the pond swings in a daily cycle based on the amount of sunlight. For a given pond, the pH is relatively low in the evening, and increases during the daylight hours.
While Flocculant will work regardless of the time of day it is applied, best results are obtained when the product is applied in early evening. Allow the product to work overnight. The next day, after at least 8 hours have elapsed since application, use a filter to remove large clumps that have formed, or a vacuum to remove clumps that have sunk to the pond bottom.
What Are the Safety Issues to be Concerned With?
As long as the product is used as directed, it will not harm fish, plants, or wildlife. However, do not use in ponds with fish intended for human consumption. Do not use more than the recommended dose, or more often than the recommended frequency. As with all household chemicals, store securely away from children.
What Influence Does Flocculant Have on Desirable Bacteria
All chemical flocculants, including Flocculant, will cause clumping of desirable bacteria along with suspended solids, phosphates and colloids. Therefore, use of any flocculant will remove some beneficial bacteria from the pond. We recommend using UltraClear Biological Pond Clarifier as a follow up to application of any flocculant. Apply UltraClear immediately after filtering or vacuuming. Use the 'start-up' UltraClear dose after applying any flocculant, then revert to the maintenance dose to keep your pond beautiful, clear, and healthy.