For all Bead and Biological Filters. Like most types of mechanical/biological filters, bead filters rely on the use of a media that provides a high surface area/volume ratio. This allows for support of the necessary amount of biomass, in the form of a biofilm, to properly remove organic and inorganic waste from the water, making it suitable for fish and other normal aquatic life. Within the biofilm it is possible to carry out aerobic, faculative anaerobic, anaerobic and chemosynthetic processes if all the necessary bacterial species are present. Consequently, for these filters to function, it is necessary to have proper numbers and distribution of species. ML/SS contains aerobic heterotrophs, faculative anaerobes, anaerobic and chemotrophic bacteria capable of carrying out all of the necessary processes for optimum performance of bead filters.
- Rapid establishment of organic removal capabilities
- Rapid establishment of nitrogen cycling including nitrification and dentrification
- Reduces buildup of residue in the filter, decreasing maintenance and improving filter efficiency by avoiding "channeling"
- Rapid recovery of filter after use of medications and antibiotics
- Breakdown of residual medications, like tea tree oils and formalin products, which are inhibitory to most bacteria, after use
- Effective over a wide pH range
- Significantly reduces noxious odors caused by algae, fish, waste and urine
- Reduces hydrogen sulfide, which creates strong, offensive odors